- Royal jelly
- Bee venom
- Getting to know the bees
- Blue zones
- From the world of bees
- Frequently Asked Questions
Honey is the food produced by bees from the nectar of blossoms or from secretions of living parts of plants or it lies on them, that bees collect, process, mix with their own special substances, save and leave to mature within honeycombs. Honey can be fluid, viscous or crystallized.
The nutritional value of honey
It is a unique natural sweetener of high biological value, with separate nutritional value. It has been proven by scientific research to be a healthy food and has a number of components necessary for the human body. It contains dozens of natural elements such as vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, hydrogen peroxide, minerals, etc., all of which exceed 180, whose value is undisputed in the modern diet. Also, honey has antioxidants.
Honey is a direct energy food that is absorbed immediately from human body, suitable for athletes, children, pregnant women, sick and generally any feeble organism.
Types of Ikarian honey
Thyme: it blooms in May-June. Intensely aromatic honey with bright clear color and excellent flavor. It ranked the top quality honey. In 6 to 18 months after its production, it gets crystallized. It is a stimulant with antiseptic properties and recent research correlates it with the delay of growth of cancer cells.
Heather (anama/anamatomelo): It blooms in September to the highest points and reaches till December to the lowest. Dark honey with intense flavor that discerning consumers prefer. It gets crystallized rapidly from 1-3 months. It has a high nutritional value, stimulates the body and contains a high amount of pollen.
Of blossoms: Honey from a wide variety of spring wild plants. The light-colored honey has an excellent aroma and taste, while the dark one has high nutritional value and is rich in minerals. Its crystallization cannot be predicted.
Pine: It comes from honey dew. Not particularly sweet and thus, it is preferable for its taste. It has fewer calories than blossom honeys and is rich in minerals, proteins and amino acids. Its crystallization is slow.
Pollen is a product collected by bees from flowers of plants. It is the means by which the male genetic material of plants is transferred from the male (stamens) to female (pistil) multiplier parts. Bees use the pollen for their diet as a source of protein, vitamins and minerals.
They collect it from various flowers and carry it to the hive in special compartments located on their hind legs and are called “pollen baskets”. The beekeeper places special traps (pollen traps) at the entrance of the hive, which retain the pollen from the legs of bees, thus allowing its collection.
It has a high concentration in protein, amino acids, sugars, minerals, vitamins, flavonoids and other ingredients of high biological value for the human body. Quantity 35g. (1 tbsp.) per day meets the daily needs of the human body in protein. It contains biologically active substances that influence positively the metabolism and promote fitness.
The pollen from wild plants helps and is recommended for:
preventing or inhibiting the progression of prostate
fighting stress-anxiety, depression, insomnia
better food assimilation
Dosage: One tablespoon daily for 4-6 months, stop for a short period and then again. It can be consumed alone or mixed with juice, milk or honey.
Royal jelly is a natural protein food, rich in valuable nutrients. It is secreted by subpharyngeal glands of young worker bees. The name of royal jelly is due to the fact that the larvae are intended to become queens and adults queens are fed exclusively with it. Royal jelly is the determining factor that converts the larva from a worker bee to a queen. It is a rich source of proteins, amino acids, lipids, vitamins, minerals and other useful substances. Fresh royal jelly has bright whitish color to pale yellow, viscous texture, light pungent aroma and sour taste. It has been the subject of many medical studies and it has been proven to have positive effects on human body in the following cases:
aged and feeble organism
acquiring greater mental and physical strength
increasing sports performance
Dosage: every morning, before breakfast, eat a small amount under the tongue using the special spoon.
Propolis is a resinous adhesive substance collected by bees from resinous buds of various plants. They make it rich in wax, pollen, enzymes and other substances and use it to seal up and decontaminate the interior of the hive. Propolis owes its name to the fact that bees place it at the entrance of the hive (before the city) in order to diminish and prevent the entry of various enemies. It is collected with specific sieves placed on top of the hive. Its color is brown-green, brown or dark brown. Also, it has bactericidal and bacteriostatic properties and beneficial effects on wound healing, anti-inflammatory activity of the joints, on common cold (neck pain, pharyngitis), mycosis. Its color is brown-green, brown or dark brown.
It is the substance produced by bees from wax glands and use it to build their honeycombs of their nest. To produce 1 kg of wax, bees consume an average of 8.5 kg of honey. The wax has many practical applications, the most important of which are: manufacture of candles, honeycombs, cosmetics, in pharmaceutical industry, etc.
Its name refers to something painful and harmful, however it is a treatment for many conditions. It is a complex mixture of chemicals produced in the venom gland of adult bees. It has been very useful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, desensitization of people who are allergic to bee sting, etc.
The greatest contribution of bees is pollination with which it contributes to the diversity of nature, to the enrichment of the soil with organic matter, to the protection of the land from erosion and generally to the maintenance of biological balance on the planet. Bees help fertilization in more than 70% of plant species. Without bees fruit, nuts, seeds and vegetables production would be almost impossible. Its contribution in nature is priceless and exceeds the value of all products of the hive..
«If bees get extinct, the man still has four years of life. No more bees, no more pollination, no more plants, no more animals, no more men»
The bee is a social insect living in an organized society. Depending on the season the society may consists from 10,000 to 50,000 bees. Male bees are drones and female are the queen and worker bees.
is the largest bee in the hive.
lives up to 5 years.
lays to 1,500 eggs a day in Spring and less in other seasons.
mates in air only at the beginning of its life with 8-10 drones and stores 5-7 million sperms in its body to fertilize eggs that will lay for the rest of its life.
produces pheromones with which maintains order and organization in the beehive.
There is ONLY ONE queen in every beehive.
has no stinger or food collection and wax production tools.
lives up to 2 months.
After mating with the queen dies.
In spring and summer in a beehive there are a few hundreds, while in winter they get disappeared.
do all the work inside and outside the hive.
produce royal jelly, wax and collect food (nectar, pollen).
sacrifice defending their nest (hive).
live up to 40 days in the spring and summer and up to six months in winter.
Ikaria “hides” the secret of longevity
«Ikarians seem to possess the secret of longevity, as a European study in 12 countries revealed them as champions in terms of longevity!
Their loose lifestyle seems to be the explanation for the number of elders living on the island while in Europe only 0.1% of the population are long-lived (over 90 years). On the other hand, the percentages in Ikaria jump to 1%! Ikaria is included in the five locations of the world (blue areas) with the highest rates of longevity like Sardinia, Okinawa, Loma Linda and Nikogia.
The study began about five years ago, in order to identify genetic and environmental factors of longevity in the European population. The Greek team from the National Research Foundation participating in the program, studied the elements of the Greek population and it was very surprised to discover that Ikaria has a record of elderly residents!
Researchers from around the world showed great interest in this important finding and a 15-member team of experts and journalists from Greece, the USA, Belgium and Italy have settled on the island studying the phenomenon. Also, a documentary is being filmed that will be screened soon in “National Geographic”. Its first findings were presented on CNN».
Article by Sofia Neta in Eleftherotypia
We perform pharmacological analyzes of dozens of herbal teas and the unique honey produced by bees on the island that draw pollen and honey from thyme, pine and heather. We believe that we will find anticancer substances, anti-oxidants and probiotic properties in these locally produced products.
Statement by Dan Buettner, author of “The Blue Zones” through the self-titled site
Extensive reports and reportages on the subject have been performed by the biggest foreign media as «New York Times», «Daily mail», «CNN», «BBC», «Financial Times», «NBC», and «Guardian». Also, all Greek media have addressed the issue
Geographical Location and Morphology
Ikaria belongs to the complex of the northeast Aegean Sea. Samos is east, west lies Mykonos, Chios in north, Patmos and Fournoi in south. The name of the island is due to the myth of Icarus who with his fall, gave his name to the Icarian Sea. Older names were Makris, Dolichi, because of its shape that is elongated or Ichthyoesa due to the abundance of fish in the sea or Anemoessa.
Ikaria has an area of 255 square kilometers and 102 miles (160 km) of coastline. The population is 8,410 (census 2011). The island’s capital is St. Kyrikos with 3,343 inhabitants. Other sites are Evdilos with a population of 2,831 inhabitants and Rahes with a population of 2,236 inhabitants.
Its topography presents strong contrasts, as it displays green slopes and bare cliffs. It is mountainous for the most part and is crossed by the Sierra Atheva (Pramnos), whose highest peak is 1,041 meters. The majority of the villages are mountainous, which was due to the need to protect residents from pirate raids during the Middle Ages.
The island’s largest part is covered by vegetation, heather (local name anama), thyme, savory, sage, oregano, pine and many other wild plants and herbs. There is also plenty of water. In the west, there is the forest of Ranti, one of the rarest Mediterranean prehistoric forests. There are rare and unique species on the island, and particularly rich flora. The climate of Ikaria is mild.
Monuments and places to visit
Museum of St. Kirikos
At the Archaeological Museum, in a neoclassical building, there are many ancient objects, vases, columns, stone and bronze tools, amphorae found on the seabed, etc. Operates also as a folklore museum.
The history of the baths is intertwined with the history of our country. The ancient Greeks were among the first to use the baths.
The springs of Ikaria are considered among the most hot springs in the world.
Among the seventeen (17) major thermal baths in Greece, Ikaria is known for its own, located in the Municipality of San Kirikos. There are eight (8) hot springs that flow in various parts of the island. The most important hot springs are located in the region of Thermes.
The waters of hot mineral springs of Ikaria are considered suitable for the treatment of the following diseases:
Hypoxia and chronic rheumatism including various forms of arthritis.
Neuralgia, neuritis and myitides.
Disorders of the endocrine glands.
Some cases of abnormalities of the circulatory system.
Respiratory system disorders.
An ancient city that is considered home of Dionysus. It is located in Fanari in the easternmost point of the island and today there are only ruins of the ancient castle and on a hill the Tower of Drakano, a circular edifice of Alexandrian era, 4th century.
An ancient city where according to mythology lived the Naiads. In ancient times there was one of the most famous shrines dedicated to Tauropolos Artemis. From the ancient port survives the waterfront and the floor of the sanctuary. It is located west of Armenisti. Nash is widely known as a place for alternative tourism.
The tower of Koskina
A fortress of Byzantine era, a work of the 10th century, near the village Kosikia in the northern region of the island. Inside the fortress is the church of St. George of Dorgana.
Museum of Kampos
There are remarkable archaeological findings from the ruins of ancient Inoi, such as collections from Neolithic tools, vases of all antiquity eras, clay figurines, funerary reliefs, coins, etc.
Monastery of Panagia in Mounte
A 13th century monastery with frescoes and old icons. It is located close to Christos of Rahes in a magnificent green setting with stunning view.
Monastery of Osia Theoktisti
It is located in the village of Pigi near Campo. The church is hagiographic following the order of Mount Athos.
Ikaria is characterized by its wild beauty. Dense vegetation, high mountains, rivers, valleys, but above all its beaches, awe-inspiring and captivating. Apart from the beaches with sand, there are too many beaches with pebbles, and there are many secluded beaches with no access by car.